The Honolulu Police Department’s Scientific Investigation Section is the only full-service forensic laboratory in Hawaii and is accredited in the areas of Biology, Controlled Substances, Firearms/Toolmarks, Trace Evidence, and Forensic Documents through the ANSI National Accreditation Board.
Forensic science (often shortened to forensics) is the process of using science to resolve legal issues. This is done by applying many different fields of science, including anthropology, biology, chemistry, engineering, genetics, medicine, pathology, voice analysis, psychiatry, and toxicology to matters in which the law has become involved.
The related term criminalistics refers more specifically to the scientific collection, evaluation, and analysis of physical evidence in criminal investigations. This includes the analysis of many kinds of materials, including blood, fibers, bullets, drugs, documents, and fingerprints. Many law enforcement agencies operate crime laboratories that perform scientific evaluation and analysis of evidence. At the Honolulu Police Department the Scientific Investigation Section provides these services.