To protect your money and personal information, you need to be cautious online. Here are some tips on how to stay safe:
- Never click a link in an email and then enter personal information, username or a password
- If you receive an email from a company like Google or Microsoft Outlook and it states that you must click the link and log in, then it is most likely a phishing scam to get your login information
- You click a link and see a page that looks like a Google or Outlook login page, but when you enter your username and password, the information is recorded by hackers and used to access your real account
- Instead, go to the website directly by typing the address in your browser: www.google.com or https://outlook.live.com and enter the site directly
- Always verify who is asking you to send money. The suspect impersonates the manager of a company by sending an email to the company’s accountant and requests that money is sent to a person or business.
- Check the email address of the sender. The Display name might show your manager’s name but the email address may belong to the suspect. When you hit reply to the email it might show the manager’s name (e.g.<[email protected]> ) but make sure that the email belongs to your company and not an outside email that someone could create to trick you.
- If you receive a request to send money and it looks suspicious, call the person to verify that he/she is really are sending the request.
- NEVER WIRE MONEY: unless you know whom you are wiring money to.
- Most online scams will request that you wire money. The suspects will receive the money and then remove it from the account before you realize that you have been scammed
- You can attempt to reverse a wire if the money is still in the suspect’s account. You will need to contact your bank for details on how to do this
- NEVER PAY IN GIFT CARDS: If someone is asking to be paid in gift cards then it is most likely a scam.
- Use your credit card for all online purchases. The credit card company can reverse the payment if there is fraud, and will cover the loss most of the time.
- Never use your password for more than one website or program.
- Pick a password that has at least eight characters and includes numbers, symbols, and capitol letters.
- You may have personal information in your email account, so you should protect it.
- Enable 2-Factor Authentication on your email and bank accounts.
How to Detect Voice Over IP Phone (VOIP) Phone Number:
Scammers will often use a Voice over IP Phone (VOIP) for calls or text message communications. This allows the scammer to create a temporary phone number starting with 808 so it will appear they are in Hawaii.
- Visit this site or a similar site: https://www.phonevalidator.com/
- Enter the Phone Number
- The results will show VOIP:
DIFFERENT TYPES OF SCAMS:
Scam: Received a phone call or clicked a link for Apple or Microsoft tech support saying that your iCloud account or computer has been compromised.
- Suspect asks for remote access into your computer
- Suspect sometimes ask for credit card for payment
Outcome: They will steal information off of your computer and will use your credit card.
How to Avoid: No company will every contact you about problems with your computer. A website or popup add on your computer will never be a legitimate tech support. If you have computer problems then bring your computer to an in-store repair.
Scam: Trying to rent a property online through Craigslist or a Similar site.
- Suspect asks for payment through wiring money or an App like Zelle.
- Suspect used a Voice over IP Phone (VOIP) for calls or text message communications
Outcome: You will send your money and the rental property is not owned by the suspect. They just took the pictures from another website.
How to Avoid: It is safest to use known Realtors or Realty Websites which hold your money until you have successfully checked into the rental property before they release the money to the poster. You should also pay using a credit card because you can cancel the transaction if it is fraudulent. Never wire money or send gift cards to reserve a property or pay a down deposit. Be wary if the person is using a VOIP Phone.
Scam: You receive a call from a suspect that your family member or friend is kidnapped and they demand that you send money.
Outcome: You will lose your money.
How to Avoid: Hang up the phone and call the friend or family member directly using their known phone number. The suspect sometimes will spoof their phone number so the call appears to be coming from the friend or family member’s phone.
Law Enforcement or IRS Scam:
Scam: You receive a call from Law Enforcement, IRS, FBI, Secret Service, ect. stating that your bank account or phone was used for illegal activities and you must send money to rectify this.
Outcome: You will lose your money.
How to Avoid: None of these agencies will ever ask you to send money. If you are unsure then hang up the phone and call the agency directly from their known phone number.
Scam: You are contacted or you click a link on Facebook, Instagram, ect. for an opportunity to make money fast. Sometimes the scammers will take over or make accounts that look like your friend’s account and will contact you. Then, they ask you to send them money to invest through money wiring, gift cards, Zelle, Cash App.
Outcome: You will never get any money in return.
How to Avoid: Most if not all make money quick opportunities are scams. Never send money to someone you don’t know and don’t wire the money, send gift cards or any wire type app like Zelle or Cash app to send money to people for investments.
- You are contacted or you click a link on Facebook, Instagram, ect. for an opportunity to make money fast. Sometimes the scammers will take over or make accounts that look like your friend’s account and will contact you.
- You click a link for an online loan.
- The suspect asks you to provide your bank account information.
- The suspect places a check deposit into your account
- The suspect asks you to send back some of the money either to verify it or they say they sent to much money.
Outcome: The checks that are deposited into your account are either forged checks or stolen checks. The bank will reverse the deposit and you will be out of the money that you sent.
How to Avoid: Use known loan companies or banks for loans. Never send money back to verify it or if they say they sent too much. Look at the check to see if it is from the company that it is supposed to be from and not another company or person. NEVER GIVE OUT YOU ONLINE BANK USER NAME AND PASSWORD – THIS IS ALWAYS A SCAM
Lottery Winning Scam:
Scam: You are contacted by the suspect and told that you won the lottery. You are asked to pay money for the taxes.
Outcome: You never receive any winnings and will be out of the money that you sent. Sometimes the suspect will then threaten you to get you to send more money.
How to Avoid: Never send money to someone saying you won the lottery. A legitimate lottery will never ask you to pay taxes directly.
Online Love Scam:
Scam: You meet someone online and they ask you to send them money to help for medical bills, taxes, ect… They will continue to ask for money and pretend that they are coming to see you will money to pay you back.
Outcome: You never receive your money back and the suspect is using images of a different person that they found online.
How to Avoid: Don’t send money to people you have never met in person.
Craigslist or Online Selling Items Scam:
Scam: You are selling an item on Craigslist or a similar site. The suspect wants to purchase the item unseen and sends you a check.
Outcome: You deposit the check and it turns out that it is a stolen or forged check. The suspect may ask you to send money back because they sent too much money. The bank will reverse the deposit and you will be out of the money that you sent.
How to Avoid: Only sell to people in person. Do not accept checks, use cash only.
Business Email Compromise Scam:
Scam: You receive an email from your boss or manager asking to either wire money to another company or purchase Gift Cards.
Outcome: Your boss or manager’s email may have been hacked by the suspect or they may be using an email that is similar to your boss or manager’s email.
How to Avoid: Always call a known phone number to verify wire payment requests. Otherwise, if the boss is asking you to purchase Gift Cards then NEVER text or email the gift card numbers back to them.
Paycheck Direct Deposit Scam:
Scam: You receive an email request to change the direct deposit information for an employee.
Outcome: The money is sent to a suspect or money mule and not the employee.
How to Avoid: Never accept direct deposit change requests through email. Have your employee submit the request in person.
Working from Home Scam:
Scam: You are hired to work from home from some online ad. You are told that you will receive money and that you should keep part of it and send the rest out through wire or gift cards.
Outcome: You are a money mule and being used by the suspect to launder stolen money. You may be arrested if the stolen money is traced back to you.
How to Avoid: Don’t take a job were you are receiving money and are instructed to send part of the money out once received.